This rising trend aims for double impact, in meaning and sound. Unlike traditional names, word names take their punch from their meanings. The upfront meaning is what makes Maverick so different from Frederick, and Destiny from Stephanie. A sharp single syllable amplifies the style. The effect is bold and confident, but not heavy. What's more, the word origin makes these names familiar and easy to pronounce, while they still sound new and fresh as names. That's proving to be an irresistible combination.
The 40 names below have all risen sharply in popularity over the past decade. Many have also taken off as middle names, where they make an eye-catching alternative to classic choices like Rose and James. The gender labels reflect current usage; in the case of unisex names, the more common gender is listed first.
Rising New One-Syllable Word Names
Bless (M, F)
Bliss (F, M)
Blue (M, F)
Cove (M, F)
Dream (F, M)
Lux (F, M)
Lynx (M, F)
Pax (M, F)
Reign (F, M)
Rogue (F, M)
Scout (F, M)
Teal (F, M)
Trust (M, F)
Truth (M, F)
Wren (F, M)
Read More: 41 Cool Word Names Nobody's Using
When Americans talk about "Victorian style," we usually mean "the style of the second half of the 19th Century." But Her Majesty Victoria reigned in England, not the United States, and Victorian England had a flavor all its own.
I've attempted to zero in on that flavor in baby names by identifying names that were significantly more popular in Britain than the U.S. during the Victorian era. The first installment focused on boys' names. That evocative list featured romantically literary choices like Algernon and Lancelot, Dickensian biblical names like Ebenezer and Uriah, and restrained British gents like Basil and Noel.
Image: Wikimedia Commons
The list of girls' options turns out to be longer, with some surprises. Many names that were pure Victorian England in the 19th Century ended up crossing the pond in later generations. They now sound more like 20th-century American women:
1920s-30s: Joan, Dorothy, Joyce
1940s-50s: Janet, Deborah, Ellen
1960s-70s: Amy, Melinda, Monica
1980s-90s: Rachel, Emily, Hannah
Putting names like these aside, we end up with a Victorian England list that's brimming with romance, and with faith. Many of the names are long and multisyllabic, including lacy creations like Arabella and Euphemia, quirkier gentleladies like Winifred and Adelaide, and biblical rarities like Tryphena and Hephzibah. The restraint of virtue names like Honor and Prudence is balanced by the lushness of Violetta and Evangeline.
The overall effect is like stepping into a novel, steeped in the social strictures and decorative extravagance of Victoria's England.
VICTORIAN GIRLS' NAMES
Eli, Noah, Ethan, Jonah, Asher - what do these names all have in common? They’re Old Testament boys’ names that have reached their peak popularity in the last decade. Though name trends indicate that more and more unique choices are being recorded on birth certificates, many parents are deciding against modern inventions in favor of ancient finds.
However, now that Noah has reigned supreme for the past three years, choosing a name that offers Biblical substance and simplicity without feeling faddish can be difficult. Here are fifteen unassuming boys’ names outside of the top 1000 that feature in the Old Testament.
Boaz. Though Beau and Bo are both rising through the ranks, some parents worry about finding a longer name for birth certificates (and resumes). If Bodhi and Bowen aren’t your style, why not Boaz? The second syllable adds more oomph, and the Biblical figure is known for his strength and purpose. While the name is well-used in Israel, it has yet to migrate to our shores.
Rei. A name with multiple origins, Rei in the Old Testament refers to a friend of David (the name comes from a Hebrew word for “friend”, in fact). The name and its multiple spellings are far from uncommon - 750 babies last year were given a form of the name Rei (Ray, Rae, Rey, etc). Still, the sleekness and simplicity of the name is unparalleled.
Job. The epitome of patience and faith, Job has long been associated with the terrible trials of the figure in the Book of Job. These days, however, mentioning the name among millennial parents may result in an Arrested Development reference (with Gob, pronounced similarly, as a main character). With its Puritan history and recent rise in eponyms, Job may soon move away from its struggles in favor of its strengths.
Oren. An accessible name with a natural derivation - it’s from the Hebrew for “pine tree” - Oren is an excellent alternative to popular Owen or cosmic Orion. Many kids will recognize the name via the character on The Odd Squad, and grandparents will like the simplicity and historical significance. In the United States last year, 128 baby boys were named Oren.
Adlai. While the name briefly ranked on the top 1000 in the 1890’s, it’s most associated with mid-century politician Adlai Stevenson, a onetime presidential hopeful. Though the name and its namesakes have faded into history, it may be time to bring back this resolute choice. Adlai comes from the Hebrew for “God is just,” and has a sound unlike many trendy choices today.
Ira. Popular in Jewish communities throughout the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, this concise moniker once ranked at #57. But it hasn’t been on the top 1000 since 1992 - with Ezra and Asa on the rise, Ira might fit right in today. Dozens of wearers have permeated pop culture, from Ira Gershwin to Ira Glass, and the name has the poignant meaning of “the watchful one.
Gad. The name of one of the twelve sons of Jacob, Gad’s descendants became their own tribe. The name comes from the Hebrew word for “good fortune,” and despite its ancient history, it’s only been recorded in American name records in the past few decades. Gad is short and sweet, concise and compelling; longer form Gadiel is another attractive option.
Hiram. Pronounced in English as “Hy-rahm” and in Spanish as “Hee-rahm,” Hiram is a classic Biblical name with a long history in the United States. It once had a more old-South image, perpetuated by Hiram “Hank” Williams, but it’s been off the radar long enough to rejuvenate its appeal. If you’re looking for a quirky name with multiple nickname choices, Hiram might be right for you.
Jorah. This melodic name with a pleasant meaning - “autumn rain” - could be a great alternative to other Hebrew favorites Jonah and Jordan. The name gained attention recently, when it was used in both the Game of Thrones books and television series. Jorah is also similar to popular feminine names like Cora or Norah, but it stands well on its own for boys.
Abiel. Though it sounds like a mix of Abel and Gabriel, Abiel is an historical choice - it was used fairly frequently by Puritan families. It reappeared in the US starting in the 1970’s, and last year reached its highest population of boys born with the name: seventy-one. Abiel’s meaning is “God is my father,” and it shares a sound and origin with popular Abigail.
Esau. Like Job, the name Esau comes with a bit of a warning - many will associate the name with a negative figure in the Bible. However, Cain and Judas are also in use (with the former already ranking in the top 1000), so perhaps Esau could experience more popularity. It’s close to rising Ezra and darling Ezio, and already has a few famous namesakes all over the globe.
Aram. Though the origin of this name is Hebrew, from the word for “exalted,” Aram has been more prominently used in Armenian communities in recent decades. The name is used for multiple individuals in both the Old and New Testament, and also refers to a central region of now-Syria. Aram works well cross-culturally, maintaining friendliness with strength.
Javan. Pronounced “Jay-ven,” this name belonged to a grandson of Noah and (as legend has it) the ancestor of the people of Greece. In fact, the name means “Greece” in Hebrew. Javan fits in with current name fashions, but offers a bit more excitement than the “-ayden” names do.
Dara. Another name with multiple origins, Dara has been recorded in the United States since the late nineteenth century. In Irish, it means “oak tree”; in Sanskrit, “star”; in Persian, “wealthy”; and in Hebrew, “bearer”. Though it sounds like feminine Sarah or Tara, Dara joins Joshua and Ezra in the category of “historically male names that end in A.”Eliam. Euphonic and rhythmic, Eliam sounds like many names already popular in the states - Elias, Elliot, and Liam among them. Yet its religious background and rare usage help it emphasize uniqueness over trendiness. If you’re looking for a name with modern style and ancient substance, Eliam would be a fantastic choice.