Two weeks ago I talked about the names Americans use as placeholders, showing off the many facets of anonymity. For even greater variety, allow me to introduce the nobodies of other lands.
Many languages have "null names" parallel to John Smith or John Doe. The local equivalents of John are common choices: the Netherlands refers to Jan Jansen, Russia to Ivan Ivanov, France to Jean Dupont, and much of Latin America to Juan Pérez. Another common root name is Fulan/Felani, with variations like the Arabic Fulan Al-Fulani and the Spanish Fulano de Tal.
But as in the U.S., nobodies can be just about anybody. Some of the international placeholders capture an essence that none of our terms quite match. Below are some highlights of the world's colorful everymen and women.
(Fun tip: try searching for these names on supposed "real names" social networks. To get you started, here's a LinkedIn lineup of 25 Australians named Fred Nerk, a local equivalent to Joe Schmo. One lists his occupation as "Head Yokel at Yokels.")
Don Nadie (Spain): "Sir Nobody"
Dozaemon (Japan): An anonymous drowned body. From the name of an 18th-century sumo wrestler with an extremely pallid complexion.
Jan met de pet (Netherlands): "John with the cap," the typical man on the street.
Matti Meikäläinen (Finland): Meikäläinen has the form of a Finnish surname, but actually means "one of us."
Max and Erika Mustermann (Germany): A very literal placeholder, Mustermann translates roughly to "Sampleman."
Ola Nordmann (Norway): A personification of Norway and the typical Norwegian, somewhere between a John Q. Public and England's John Bull.
Otto Normalverbraucher (Germany): "Otto AverageConsumer."
Pihtiputaan mummo (Finland): Literally, "the grandmother from Pihtipudas." Represents the least tech-savvy person imaginable, to whom new products and jargon will be confusing.
Ploni Almoni (Israel): A placeholder name for millenia, Ploni Almoni is the Bible's own John Doe. For more of a "Joe Blow" effect, try Israel Israeli.
Svennebanan (Sweden): "Swedish banana." A kind of Swedish Joe Sixpack, the lowest common denominator of everymen.
A note of thanks: I compiled and cross-referenced these names from many sources, but I'm particularly indebted to Wikipedia's placeholder names page, and a former page on John Doe from NationMaster, now sadly defunct.
A celebrity baby can launch a hit name. That much is beyond debate. Just look at what happened to the name Kingston when singers Gwen Stefani and Gavin Rossdale chose the name for their first son in the middle of 2006:
But celebrity parents don't just shape the times, they're also part of the times. They're attracted to the same stylish sounds as their less famous counterparts. Often enough, they choose names that were already rising fast — and then get credit for making the names popular.
How do you know which came first, the celebrity baby or the baby name trend? Can we even separate the two? Let's take a look at an example from my home state of Massachusetts.
In these parts, New England Patriots quarterback Tom Brady and fashion model Gisele Bündchen are the reigning celebrity couple. In December 2009, they welcomed a son named Benjamin. At that time, Benjamin was the 6th most popular name for Massachusetts boys. The next year it leaped to #2, and since 2012 Massachusetts has been the only state in the union where Benjamin is the #1 name for boys. The fashion influence of young Benjamin Brady seems clear...until you zoom out.
Remember how Benjamin was #6 in Massachusetts before the Brady baby was born? That ranking already made the Bay State America's Benjamin capital. From the 1990s on, Massachusetts and neighboring states have loved the name Benjamin like nobody else. I can confirm from personal experience that my local schools are teeming with Bens.
Here's the 15-year history of Massachusetts Benjamins:
I can't imagine anyone would look at that graph and think, "Wow! What happened in 2010??" Yet a gradual decline did reverse at the time of Master Brady's birth. So it's quite possible that the celebrity baby influenced Massachusetts names, but it's equally likely that Massachusetts influenced Brady and Bündchen's choice of name. Benjamin is just what boys are called around here.
The second in an occasional series looking back at the baby name trends of years past.
1945 began with battles fought around the world. The year saw the sudden death of President Roosevelt, and ultimately the victory of Allied forces in World War II.
1946 was the beginning of "after." Troops came home, and the U.S. birth rate rose by 20%. The country and the world turned from a wartime mindset toward rebuilding, and the future.
You can see that dramatic transition playing out, family by family, in the year's baby name trends. The falling boys' names in particular show parents putting the momentous events of 1945 behind them and looking ahead.
Fastest-Falling Boys' Names of 1946:
That's a clean sweep of history, as late President Franklin Delano Roosevelt, new President Harry Truman, and the war victory all receded from baby name view. The rapid fall of Truman shouldn't be taken as an indictment of Harry Truman. Truman had been the fastest-rising name of the previous year, in a show of support for the man who suddenly found himself president. 1946 saw the natural settling after that spike. Similarly, Victor was settling back to its typical popularity after a year of celebrating victory. Parents were simply moving on.
One extraordinary name on the falling boys' list: #17, Adolph. It's hard to imagine that after four years of war against Hitler, the name still had that far to fall.
On the falling girls' side we find Victor's counterpart Victoria at #2. The rest of the falling girls' names, though, are surprisingly scattershot and obscure: Laraine, Carolee, Charla, Zelma. Wartime patriotism, it turns out, was encoded far more in boys' names than girls. Girls' names seem to have been in stylistic limbo during the war, with individual rises and falls based on movie stars and popular songs but no major direction. A year after the war's end, though, American parents were ready to turn the page and launch a new era of names.
The Top 10 Fastest-Rising Names of 1946:
...plus runners-up like Sherry, Patricia, Danny, Linda, Sharon, Suzanne, Cathy, Steven, Sandra and Bruce.
Those lists feature a single one-year-wonder in Gilda, the title character of a 1946 film. (And if you're wondering, yes, comedian Gilda Radner was born in 1946.) But the rest of the names announce the start of the baby boom generation. In the turn of a year, you can literally see post-war America being born.