Baby Names Show How Huge "Roots" Was in 1977

Jun 1st 2016

As the remake of the miniseries Roots hits the air, America is remembering the impact of the 1977 original. 40 years later, how can we understand the enormous cultural force it carried? Let's try one of the most reliable barometers of America's mindset: baby names.

In 1977 television was a three-network business, dominated by sitcoms like "Happy Days" and "Three's Company" with a smattering of "Little House on the Prairie" and "The Love Boat." Yet the most popular program by far was an eight-part miniseries that told the tragic story of American slavery through the lens of a single family. Roots was an adaptation of a novel by Alex Haley. It followed the saga of Kunta Kinte, a 15-year-old West African boy captured into slavery, portrayed by actor LeVar Burton. A key later character was Kunta's daughter, named Kizzy.

Image via ABC Photo Archives/ABC via Getty Images

Kunta Kinte and Kizzy weren't the likeliest baby names, but they captured parents' hearts. The graphs below show the American popularity of the names from 1970 through 1980, including minor spelling variations (and in the case of Kunta Kinte, both parts of the name). The red vertical lines show the year Roots premiered.

Those are extraordinary leaps. Kizzy jumped all the way from statistically non-existent to the #223 girl's name in America -- and the spelling Kizzie ranked #598. That's a higher debut than Miley 30 years later, when Riley and Kylee were already fast-rising hits. Consider, too, that the #1 movie of 1977 was a little flick called Star Wars. When it came to baby names, Roots eclipsed it.

For a broader sense of impact, take a look at the names of two of the artists behind the series, author Alex Haley and actor LeVar Burton.

Put the four name graphs together, and you have 8,000 namesakes born in the years immediately following Roots. A scattering of other names show up in the statistics as well, including Omoro, the name of Kunta Kinte's father, and Ji-Tu, after actor Ji-Tu Cumbuka. But even those names only scratch the surface of the story.

Roots wasn't just an entertainment, it was a societal milestone that struck deep chords of race, identity and history. The show's baby name effect, too, wasn't about mere publicity. (Note that one prominently featured name, Toby, the name which Kunta Kinte was forced to accept as a slave, actually fell in popularity in 1977.) For many African-Americans, Roots inspired deeper explorations of African cuture, including African-inspired baby names. Names like Aisha, Omari, and Akilah rose.

Even new name inventions were affected. For instance, contemporary African-American boys' names using Le- and La- as a prefix, a la LeVar Burton, hit their all-time peak in 1977. The name Kunta Kinte, too, was echoed in a generation of African-American boys' names ending in -nta and -nte, like Donta and Javonte. The trend had already started before Roots, but Kunta Kinte accelerated it:

The real societal impact of a show like Roots isn't so much the story itself as the echoes it leaves behind. We see some of those echoes in today's proudly diverse naming culture, in which every name -- sometimes, every syllable -- reflects parents' sense of self, heritage, values and dreams.

Rock & Roll Baby Names That Go To Eleven

May 25th 2016

Jagger. Hendrix. Zeppelin. Lennon. Those names mean more than music. They're icons, attitudes, whole ways of living…and now, baby names. Names steeped in rock & roll history, from the Beatles to Nirvana, are one of the fastest-rising baby name styles in America.

Photo by Larry Hulst/Michael Ochs Archives/Getty Images

Some snapshots of the trend in action:

• An American girl today is more likely to be named Presley than Jessica or Rebecca. A boy is more likely to be Axl than Chad.

• As recently as 1998, the name Hendrix was statistically nonexistent. Today it's a top-500 hit.

• The word credence, meaning "belief," is not used as a name. But the creative spelling Creedence, as in the band Creedence Clearwater Revival, is now used for both boys and girls.

• Last year, just as many American girls were named Zeppelin as Beyoncé.

• Even stylistically unlikely rock names like Kiedis and Reznor now register on the stats.

The rise of rock & roll names is a phenomenon unto itself, distinct from "celebrity names." Normal celebrity name trends surge with the burst of publicity around a new star. Most go on to fade nearly as quickly (see the graphs of Miley and Rihanna). The rock names are different. Not one name on the rock & roll names list below took off when the band or star rose to fame. Beatlemania didn't inspire little McCartneys, and the grunge era didn't see a wave of little Vedders. The names rose decades later, after the artists' works had begun to take on the mantle of "classic" or "iconic."

That makes these names homages, not only to the specific artists but to the spirit of rock itself. It's a famously independent, rebellious spirit, and so no two names on the list march in lockstep. Consider the varied messages the names Axl, Lennon, Marley and Cobain project. But whether a family's motto is "All You Need is Love" or "Born to Be Wild," they're more likely than ever before to present it in baby name form via a classic rock name.

Each name below was bestowed on at least 5 American boys or girls last year, some on hundreds or thousands. Especially popular names are indicated with an * (top 1000 name) or ** (top 500).


Axl (M*)  – Axl Rose of Guns N' Roses

Bonham (M) – John Bonham of Led Zeppelin

Bowie (M, F) – David Bowie

Cobain (M) – Kurt Cobain of Nirvana

Creedence (M, F) – Creedence Clearwater Revival

Crue (M) – Mötley Crüe

Everly (F**, M) – The Everly Brothers

Halen (M, F) – Van Halen/Eddie Van Halen

Hendrix (M**, F) – Jimi Hendrix

Isley (F, M) – The Isley Brothers

Jagger (M*, F) – Mick Jagger of The Rolling Stones

Jett (M**, F) – Joan Jett

Joplin (F) – Janis Joplin

Kiedis (M) – Anthony Kiedis of Red Hot Chili Peppers

Lennon (F*, M*) – John Lennon of The Beatles

Marley (F**, M*) – Bob Marley

McCartney (F, M) – Paul McCartney of The Beatles

Nirvana (F) – Nirvana

Presley (F**, M) – Elvis Presley

Reznor (M) – Trent Reznor of Nine Inch Nails

Santana (M*, F) – Santana/Carlos Santana

Seger (M) – Bob Seger

Vedder (M) – Eddie Vedder of Pearl Jam

Weiland (M) – Scott Weiland of Stone Temple Pilots

Zeppelin (M, F) – Led Zeppelin


115 New Baby Names on the Verge for 2016

May 19th 2016

Meet the freshest new baby names in America. We call them the "100 Club," the select group of names that were given to 100 newborn boys or girls for the first time ever this past year.

The names in this Club show off the diversity of American baby name style, from nature names to video game heroes, from the Bible to Bollywood. Together, they give us a glimpse of where names may be heading. Many of these names will remain rare, but some – like recent 100 Club members Lennox, Castiel and Zayn – will rise to become hits.

Some notable themes among this year's 100 Club names:

Royals and Deities
Girls: Artemis, Kingsley, Royalty. Boys: Kaiser, Kyng, Pharaoh, Reign, Zeus [Read more about the rapid rise of exalted names]

Biblical Boys
Azriel, Benaiah, Elam, Jasiel

Geographical Girls
Berkeley, Brighton, Charleston

"Liquid" Girls
Alaia, Amyra, Analeah, Arayah [Read more about "liquid names"]

Fantastical Heroes
Caspian (Chronicles of Narnia), Korra (The Legend of Korra), Link (The Legend of Zelda)


Adalynne Emberlyn Oona
Aislyn Emberlynn           Paizlee
Aitana Finleigh Raelee
Alaia Hensley Reya
Amal Indie Rori
Amyra Jaylani Rosalina
Analeah Julietta Rowyn
Annistyn Kaisley Royalty
Arayah Kingsley Safa
Arie Kinzlee Sanaya
Armoni Korra Sia
Artemis Laikyn Siya
Aryah Letty Sumaya
Aubreigh Liah Vaida
Avia Lynlee Violetta
Aviva Maelyn Yana
Berkeley Margaux Yusra
Bexley Meilani Zadie
Brighton Mileena Zarah
Charleston           Navy Zayda
Coralie Novah Zinnia
Emberly Oakleigh  



Amias Jasiel Ransom
Arham Jonael Reign
Azriel Kaiser Riaan
Banks Kaius Saif
Benaiah            Kanon Shaurya
Bryer Kilian Shepard
Caspian Klayton Steele
Cedar Krew Tiberius
Cillian Kyng Umar
Dov Kyzer Watson
Dovid Laken Wolfgang
Elam Link Yousif
Everest Matheo Zaine
Fynn Mattias Zakai
Henley Niklaus Zephyr
Henri Onyx Zeus
Jahlil Pharaoh